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Types of calathea

By | 11.10.2020

Zebra plant, a rattlesnake plant, a peacock plant, what matches all these plants of unusual names? Do cathedral windows sound familiar to you?

How about Dottie, and Medallion? Having such colorful and descriptive names, these adorable plants have one thing in common- they all belong to a great, big and versatile Calathea Family.

With around cultivars and several dozens of species, this group of plants is one of the most frequently seen in homes and offices all over the globe.

OUR 5 FAVORITE CALATHEAS

So what are the most popular types of Clathea, you wonder? Well, as said, it is one of the biggest groups of plans. These are just some of the calathea types:. Because maintenance is not complicated, and they are extremely decorative, which is a winning combo for those who like gardening. This is especially for the ones who have just discovered how fulfilling this hobby is, as chances to kill your plant or anything like that are truly minimal.

Surprisingly laidback and happy. The stuff of pastel goth garden dreams. A post shared by j jtroxy on Dec 27, at pm PST. This adorable plant is known by many different names, such as rose-painted Calathea, Corona, Dottie, Medallion, Rosey, Sanderiana. Its natural home is tropical forests of South America- to be precise, Brazil. The average height of the Calathea Roseopicta is 20 inches. It has large rounded leaves that are dark green above, red below. The surface of the upper part of the leaves is marked heavily painted with cream or pink stripes all along the veins and midriff, accompanied by feathered margins.

A post shared by Lola Flora lolaflora. Just a single glance at this one is more than enough to realize why it is called a rattlesnake plant. Its specific markings and patterns resemble a reptile a lot. Also native to Brazilian rainforests, this fabulous looking plant has slender pale yellowish-green leaves with beautiful dark green blotches and purple undersides.

12+ Stunning Calathea Types You Need to Know About

It belongs to the taller varieties, as it can grow up to 30 inches, while the leaves may reach 18 inches. Here is a complete guide on how to care for Calathea Lancifolia! But, accommodate it outside, and it may produce yellow flowers. It typically happens during late spring or early summer.Have you ever grown a rattlesnake plant? How about a peacock plant? A zebra plant? All of these are forms of calathea! With many vivid variations, this leafy plant can be a perfect addition to your living space.

Calathea leaves are used to wrap a specific type of tamale in Guatemala, for instance. In Thailand, calathea leaf rice containers are popular amongst the tourist trade. Listen to this post on the Epic Gardening Podcast. Subscribe to the Epic Gardening Podcast on iTunes. This tropical evergreen can be grown outdoors in parts of California, Florida, and Hawaii, but otherwise is a common indoor houseplant.

It requires temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer. Its pattern looks very similar to that of a specific type of rattlesnake, hence the name. The upper part of the leaf is a nice midrange green, with darker edges and oval spots. Underneath, the leaf tends to maroon or reddish-purple coloration. While indoors these typically grow to a foot and a half in size, outdoor plants can grow up to an extra foot of height.

These are quite popular to grow as their foliage is vibrant and appealing. Used to wrap tamales in Guatemala, calathea lutea has long and paddle-shaped leaves. Indoors, it tends to grow smaller in size. A natural waxy substance forms on the underside of the leaf to protect them against the heat.

types of calathea

This makes them perfect as container leaves. The cigar reference is to its flowers, which are waxy reddish-brown or brown bracts that look like cigars. Tiny yellow flowers appear between these bracts, but the bracts are where it derives the name! Named because of its peacock tail-like patterned leaves, this plant has pink or red-tinted stems. Underneath the leaves, the patterning is mirrored, except that the deep green is replaced with pinkish to purplish tones.

This plant is particularly sensitive to humidity levels, and prefers a wetter climate. It can be grown indoors under the right conditions.

How to Keep Calathea Houseplants Alive - The Love and Hate Relationship

With rounded oval leaves instead of spearpoint-shaped ones, calathea orbifolia is a rather striking variety. It has wider stripes than the pin stripe calathea mentioned below. Where calathea orbifolia diverges from other calatheas is in its size. Indoors it tends to a smaller size, but still gets much wider leaves than other calathea specimens.Calathea is a genus of tropical houseplants native to South America and Asia. Many types of calatheas thrive as indoor plants.

Calathea houseplants are known for their large colorful leaves with intricate patterns. The names of calathea species such as the Zebra plant Calathea zebrinaRattlesnake plant, Pinstripe plant, and Medallion plant, come from the beautiful designs on their leaves.

Calathea plants thrive indoors in bright, indirect sunlight when planted in moist, well-draining soil. Mist your calathea regularly to increase humidity and water when the soil is partly dry. Average room temperatures are perfect for a calathea to grow well. The hardy houseplant needs fertilizer every four weeks during summer. Sometimes calatheas are called prayer plantshowever they are not true prayer plants.

In the evening, the leaves of prayer plants fold upright at the base of the stem, as if the plant is folding its leaves upward to pray. The leaves of calatheas sometimes curl up from the outer edges inward toward the central vein because something is wrong in their environment.

To prevent leaf curl make sure to keep your calathea plant in warm, humid and away from direct sunlight. Make sure your houseplant has partly moist soil. Please read this article to find out the difference between calatheas and true prayer plants, marantas. There are many species of calatheas and hundreds of cultivars and they all belong to a family of flowering plants known as Marantaceae.

However, calatheas rarely flower indoors. Other calatheas have lance-shaped leaves with striped patterns in varying shades of green. Similar to true prayer plants marantassome calathea varieties have leaves with undersides that are a different color from the top side. In this article, you will learn about some of the most popular and stunning types of calatheas. In the calathea care guide, you will find out the best way to care for these tropical houseplants.

This popular calathea cultivar has large ovate light green leaves.Calathea is a popular houseplant famous for its beautiful leaves. It comes in many varieties to choose from, each one of them distinct on their own! This variety has inch wide, leathery leaves with creamy and light-green stripes. It prefers humid conditions and well-draining soil. Keep it under partial shade. Rattlesnake calathea features long and narrow, light-green leaves with edges in dark green marks.

Place the plant in bright filtered light and use a rich, well-draining soil. Also known as velvet calathea, it has lance-shaped green foliage, with velvety purple undersides on long burgundy stems. It is tolerant to lower light conditions. Corona or Rose painted calathea has large glossy foliage with bright green to creamy patterns. It thrives in well-draining soil. Protect the plant from cold drafts. Dottie has deep-green foliage that looks almost black with fuschia pink outlines on each leaf.

types of calathea

Keep it in bright, indirect sunlight and mist regularly to maintain humidity. Rosey features large oval-shaped leaves with green edges and pink center with purple undersides that fold during the night. Grow it in well-draining soil and protect from cold drafts. It grows in lance-shaped, velvety dark green leaves with light green patterns. Grow the plant in high humid conditions or use a humidifier. This beautiful calathea has thin dark green to purple foliage with peacock markings having lime feathering on red-pink stems.

Keep it in bright, indirect sunlight and high humidity. It thrives well in bright indirect sunlight, also exposure to several hours of bright morning sun is beneficial. Pin-stripe offers foot long oblong dark green leaves patterned with pink-white stripes on long green stems. Grow this calathea in well-draining and slightly moist soil.

It also grows purple-white flowers in spring. Place the plant in filtered sunlight for optimum growth. Sanderiana has glossy dark green leaves with rose-cream pinstripes and purple bottom sides.

The plant thrives in indirect sunlight, so keep it at a bright spot. Freddy looks quite stunning with its light green long narrow leaves patterned with dark-green feathery veins! Place the plant in bright indirect light, and follow these steps to maintain humidity.It just takes one look at the eye-catching and elaborate foliage to realize why Calatheas are such popular houseplants.

Best of all, there are so many Calathea varieties to choose from, each with their own uniquely colored foliage to fall in love with. Regardless of the variety, all Calatheas require similar care for healthy and problem-free growth. Grow in rich, well-draining soil kept evenly moist, create moderate to high humidity, grow in a warm environment with bright indirect light, and feed monthly. My own collection started with just one and that soon spiraled out of control.

Whilst many of the more common Calatheas on this list are widely available and easy to find, some of the more unusual varieties are best purchased online. I personally buy many of my houseplants on Etsy link to Etsy. Calathea orbifolia is sure to grab your attention with its large robust leaves donning their almost metallic pattern.

The green leaves streaked in silver are round and leathery, growing almost 12 inches wide, with mature plants growing around 2. To keep it thriving, grow in a uniformly moist not soggyrich soil that drains well. Create high humidity to prevent leaf curling or brown edges. Keep your Calathea away from cold drafty locations. In addition, bright filtered light will produce the best growth and leaf color, as too little light results in leggy plants and too much direct sunlight burns the foliage.

Sensitive to salt like all Calatheas, fertilize no more than monthly during the growing season using a half-strength, water-soluble houseplant fertilizer. In addition, flush the soil periodically to remove any fertilizer salt buildup. Native to Costa Rica and Nicaragua, Calathea warscewiczii is considered a tender herbaceous perennial evergreen. Thankfully it is also known as Calathea Jungle Velvet — a perfect moniker for this delightful plant. The lance-shaped velvety and dark green leaves have distinct banding in a lighter green that forms into a fishtail pattern, with the undersides a rich purple.

In the evening, the leaves fold close like another relative in their family Prayer Plants. Each leaf grows around 12 inches tall, with the plant growing up to 3 feet tall at maturity with a clumping habit. During winter and late spring, tall spikes fill with white flower bracts that last three to four weeks. Keep away from cold and drafty locations and provide bright filtered light.

Too little light results in leggy plants and too much direct sunlight scorches the foliage, and it loses its color. Calathea warscewiczii is susceptible to fertilizer salt burns, so feed monthly during the growing season with a water-soluble houseplant blend applied at half-strength and flush the soil to remove salt buildup every few months.

Calathea makoyana is commonly known as Peacock Plant or Cathedral Windows and the elaborate and colorful markings on the egg-shaped foliage explains why. The papery thin leaves with purple undersides are light green with dark green peacock markings surrounded by cream feathering and grow up to 12 inches long. Each leaf is attached to a reddish-pink stem and newly formed leaves are rolled highlighting their purple undersides.

This brings even more color to this low-growing and compact plant, which matures to around 12 inches tall. White insignificant flowers forming in spring, though houseplants rarely flower.Calatheas are some of the best selling plants in our shop.

It seems like the minute we get them back in stock, they are gone before we get to enjoy them selling plants fast is one of our favorite problems to have. Calatheas are gorgeous tropical plants with stunning leaf patterns and as a bonus, they are low light, are great at purifying air, they're safe for pets, and they bloom!

Another cool thing about calatheas is that they close at night and open up again in the morning, so when you see the leaves close up, do not be worried! Calatheas come in few different varieties, all equally gorgeous but if we had to pick favorites, these would be the ones:. Calatheas can be a little tricky to take care of but we have some tips that will help you keep your calathea happy and healthy. Being native to South American rainforest, calatheas prefer to stay moist but not wet or saturated.

Do not let the plant dry out completely. Once the top two inches of the potting mix are dry, water your plant again. If possible use distilled water. In the wild, calatheas grow in shady spots. They do not tolerate direct sunlight and when exposed to it, their leaves turn brown. Indoors, find a medium- to low-light spot for your calathea.

These plants love humidity. If your apartment is dry try spraying the plant occasionally or getting a humidifier. Be sure to add your tips and comments below! Leave a comment NAME. There are a few tricks that can help your green friends grow that we find very helpful and we just have to share them with you! Here are some tips on how to spring your plants into spring!Right now, aside from a variegated Monsterawhich I am finding is impossible to locate, I have a newfound love for Calathea.

I mean, where have these been? Both Calathea and Maranta are commonly known as Prayer Plants. Their variegated leaves actually fold up at night, which conserves moisture, and allows them to pray to the plant gods. Part of the family Marantaceae, Calathea are cousins to Maranta, which are just as gorgeous. Calatheas are crazy pretty, safe for cats and safe for dogs and purify the air. In nature, Calathea are found at bases of trees and their leaves are meant to hold and distribute water.

With this in mind, Calathea are notoriously killed by over or under-watering. Plant parents typically see brown tips on leaves and assume more water is needed. Light: The best conditions for Calatheas are bright and indirect light, like a east or west window behind a sheer curtain. Direct light dries the leaves almost instantly.

types of calathea

To keep the variegation, these guys need a decent amount of light but too much will cause it to fade. Humidity : These are found in the jungle, which means tons of humidity.

Dry air conditions affect the leaves drastically, producing brown tips and crunchy stems. To keep humidity high, you can do either of all of the following:. Watering: This is the trickiest part of Calatheas, because there is no piece of advice I can give you about watering. Basically, depending on the temperature of your house and the humidity level, your Calathea may need water every week or every day.

They like to be kept moist, like a wrung out sponge. Do not do this. When Calathea do need a drink, there are a few early signs aside from the soil being dry to look for.

types of calathea

Leaves remain closed throughout the day, dry leaves, and roots sticking out of the bottom of the pot are all bad signs. Potting : Always plant Calathea and Maranta in pot with a decent amount of drainage. Since over-watering is common, planters without any drainage encourage root rot, which is bad. After watering, always let excess water from the pot. Brown leaves or brown tips: See some brown edges?


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